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The state of Indiana offers two tax incentives targeted at encouraging investments in research and development. Taxpayers may receive a credit against their Indiana state income tax liability calculated as a percentage of qualified research expenses (QREs). In addition, taxpayers may be refunded for sales tax paid on purchases of qualified R&D equipment. The Indiana Department of Revenue oversees these incentive programs.
Under Indiana Code § 6-3.1-4-1, the state of Indiana offers a research credit that is calculated under similar requirements as IRC § 41. The Indiana credit is worth 15% of the qualified expenditures over a base amount of $1 million. Starting in 2009, Indiana now allows taxpayers to compute the credit using an alternative method or a regular method. The credit may be applied toward any taxes on Gross, Adjusted Gross, and Supplemental Net Income Tax.
For pass-through entities, in the event of unused credit, the remaining credit will pass through to each partner or shareholder based on the percentage distribution of income. Unlike federal credits, Indiana R&D credits may not pass through to trusts or estates. At the time of filing, Indiana requires proof that the research was conducted in Indiana. The state wants to know:
There is a 100% sales tax exemption available for the purchase of qualified R&D equipment and property. Taxpayers can file a refund claim for sales tax paid on a retail transaction if they didn't purchase it as tax-exempt at the time of the transaction.
Research and development equipment and property is defined as tangible personal property that has not previously been used in Indiana for any purpose and is acquired by the purchaser for the purpose of conducting activities devoted to experimental or laboratory R&D for new products, new uses of existing products, or improving or testing existing products.
R&D Tax Credit Available:
C-Corporations, S-Corporations, LLCs, Partnerships
Deadline for Tax Filing:
Due with Indiana Tax Return
Data Required to Compute Credit:
Claim Period Qualified R&D Expenses (QREs)
What Information is needed?
QREs for Prior 3 Years
Gross Receipts for Prior 4 Years
To get an estimate of the potential value of your unclaimed R&D Tax Credits, try out our credit calculator.
Download our R&D Tax Credit Calculator for Android to see how much you can receive from your qualified R&D tax credit expenses.