Why did Section 174 expenses change in 2022?

Listed below are some of the most frequently asked questions our team receives about R&D tax credits

Why did Section 174 expenses change in 2022?

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), passed in December of 2017, amended Section 174 to require capitalization and amortization of all research and experimental (R&E) costs incurred in the tax years beginning after December 31, 2021 (2022 tax year for calendar filers). Dating back to 1954, taxpayers could deduct their expenses in the same year they were incurred on their tax returns. 

Despite the bipartisan support, and numerous bills and acts introduced to repeal or defer the amortization requirements to provide taxpayer relief in the short term, it is unclear whether a legislative fix will be signed into law anytime soon. The TCJA’s stated purpose was to be an economic incentive to bring jobs back to the U.S. Companies that have never had to separate their section 174 expenses from regular expenses will face a new challenge with the recent change.

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